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Lesson 6

The Eucharist: Jesus, the Passover Lamb

This lesson examines the Eucharist as a sacrifice, and its foreshadowing in the Old Testament 鈥 especially as seen in the Passover. In the Old Covenant, God saved the physical lives of His people, the Israelites, through the blood of a lamb. In the New Covenant, Jesus saves the spiritual lives of His people through the shedding of His own Blood. It is this sacrifice of Jesus鈥 Body and Blood that we commemorate every time we celebrate the Eucharist at Holy Mass.

Lesson Vocabulary
  • Covenant
    :
    (n.): A sacred permanent bond of family relationship. God entered into a series of covenants with His People throughout Salvation History to invite us to be part of His divine family and to prepare us gradually and in stages, and in words and deeds, to receive the gift of salvation.
  • Eucharist
    :
    (n.): The Sacrament in which we receive the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ under the appearances of bread and wine. The Eucharist is the source and summit of our Christian life and spiritual food for the soul. Not merely a symbol, it is Jesus鈥 true Flesh and Blood.
  • Passover
    :
    (n.): The central event of the Exodus. The final plague God sent upon Egypt was the plague of the death of the first born of every family in Egypt. By sacrificing a lamb, spreading its blood on their doorposts, and eating its roasted flesh in a sacred meal of bread and wine, the Israelite homes would be passed over by the plague of death. God also commanded that the Israelites remember this original Passover event every year with a memorial meal. The original Passover foreshadows Christ鈥檚 own sacrifice on the Cross.
  • Pascha
    :
    The Greek word for Passover.
  • Paschal Lamb
    :
    (n.): The lamb the Hebrew people sacrificed in commemoration of the Feast of Passover. A title used for Jesus to identify Him as the Paschal sacrifice that establishes the New Covenant, when He offers His Body and Blood at the Crucifixion to redeem us from sin and the Devil.
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