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Lesson 13


Abortion is one of the gravest systematic injustices against human beings in the history of humankind. The unborn baby 鈥 at every stage of development 鈥 is not simply an innocent human being; he or she is the most defenseless of us all.

Lesson Vocabulary

  • Zygote
    A single-celled human being that comes to be in the moment of fertilization. The zygote contains a full, unique human genome and is biologically a completely unique human being. It is the very first stage of human development, from which all cells constituting a fully developed human being throughout his or her lifetime will be produced.
  • Accidentals
    Characteristics of a thing that are not essential to that thing, such as color, shape, smell, taste, what something looks like, and even what something is made of. In the transubstantiation of the Eucharist, the accidentals of the bread and wine remain unchanged, but the bread and wine truly and substantially become the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
  • Substance
    Substance is what a thing is.
  • Soul
    The soul is the spiritual part of who we are that gives our bodies life. Our soul lives on even when our body dies.
  • Near-Death Experience
    Events where people undergo clinical death and then return to physical life, some reporting afterward that they maintained consciousness, despite the absence of brain function.
  • Legal Right
    Civil or political rights declared into existence by governments, such as the right to a jury trial, or to vote in certain elections. Because they are granted by the state, civil or political rights may also be justly suspended or revoked if the need arises, due process is provided, and inalienable rights are respected.
  • Inalienable Right
    Rights gifted by God that belong to all persons by their very humanity, such as rights to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness. They are necessary to act according to human nature and cannot be arbitrarily negated by any government, court, or vote.
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