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Lesson 14

The Social Dimension of the Seventh through Tenth Commandments

Temperance is the virtue that resists the inordinate attachment to goods that lead to greed.

Lesson Vocabulary
  • Intellectual Property
    (n.): A category of property that derives from the work of the intellect. It typically refers to works of the mind such as inventions, artistic works, and other intangible creations.
  • Industry (the Personal Value)
    (n.): Diligence and effort directed at creating something of value for improving one’s life and the lives of others.
  • Crony Capitalism
    (n.): A corrupt form of the capitalist system in which businesses lobby the government to pass costly regulations to limit competition.
  • Greed
    (n.): The capital sin of inordinate love of riches or of desiring to amass earthly goods without limit.
  • Temperance
    (n.): The moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasures and provides balance in the use of created goods.
  • Rash Judgment
    (n.): An assumption about the moral fault of a neighbor without the proper foundation, deliberation, or knowledge of the facts.
  • Detraction
    (n.): The revealing of another person’s faults and failings to someone who did not know about them for no valid reason. Detraction is an instance where telling the truth can be a sin, if truth is given to someone who did not have the right to it.
  • Calumny
    (n.): The intentional damaging of someone’s reputation by saying false things about them.
  • Reparation
    (n.): A commensurate compensation or making of amends for a wrong or injury done.
  • Propaganda
    (n.): A communication campaign, typically mounted by a political entity, intended to inflame the passions of the public and sway public opinion. Propaganda techniques include presentation of biased, selectively chosen, or false information, the use of altered videos, bandwagon techniques such as slogans and hashtags, and many others.
  • Covetousness
    (n.): The inordinate destire to possess an object.
  • Occasion of Sin
    (n.): External circumstances, whether a person or a thing, that tempts or leads a person to sin.
  • Modesty
    (n.): The virtue that moderates one’s external appearance (especially in dress), behavior, humility, and studiousness in order to avoid offending God or others to avoid attracting what is unnecessary, and to temper excessive desire for personal distinction. It is the refusal to unveil what should remain hidden and, especially in matters of dress, is ordered to chastity.
  • Lust
    (n.): A disordered desire for or inordinate enjoyment of sexual pleasure for its own sake, isolated from its procreative and unitive purposes.
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